BismilLaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.
The scholars based on their study of the Quran and Sunnah has divided kufr into a number of categories, under which they listed many forms and kinds of shirk. These are as follows:
1. The kufr of denial and rejection.
This kufr may sometimes take the form of disbelief in the heart which occurs rarely among the kuffaar, as Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said and sometimes it takes the form of outward or apparent rejection, which means concealing the truth and not submitting to it outwardly, whilst recognizing it and knowing it inwardly, such as the Jews’ rejection of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Allah says of them (interpretation of the meaning):
“…then when there came to them that which they had recognized, they disbelieved in it…” [Al-Baqarah 2:89]. He also said (interpretation of the meaning]:
“Those whom Allah have given the Book, recognize him as they recognize their sons, and a party of them most surely conceal the truth while they know (it)” [Al-Baqarah 2:146]. That is because rejection only happens which a person knows the truth and refuses it. Hence Allah stated that the kuffaar’s disbelief in the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was not disbelief in the true sense of the word, because their disbelief was only outward and verbal, and inwardly they recognized the truth.
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“….it is not you that they deny, but it is the Verses (the Qur’aan) of Allah that the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) deny” [Al-An’aam 6:33]
“And they belied them (those Ayaat) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their ownselves were convinced thereof….” [An-Naml 27:14].
Similar to this is the kufr of permitting that which is forbidden. Whoever regards as permissible something which he knows that Islam has forbidden has disbelieved in the Messenger (PBUH) and in that which he brought. The same applies to one who forbids something which he knows that Islam has permitted.
To be continued tomorrow in shaa Allaah.
May Allah keep guiding us all and protect us from any satanic influences. Aameen.